BEFORE YOU GO
- Fill out a KWL (K- What do you know?, W- What do you want to know?, L [Follow-up]- What have you learned?) graphic organizer to assess students’ prior knowledge of science
- Create a class definition of ‘science’
- Look at the tools scientists use (beakers, magnifying glass, microscope, etc.)
- Provide a daily quote from a famous scientist
- Explore different fields of science
- Conduct experiments in stations
SCIENCE FACTS A-Z
- Chemist: Study of energy, matter, and properties and relationships between chemical elements and compounds.
- Chemists are trained to be laboratory technicians, researchers, teachers, and more.
- Chemistry came from the study of alchemy, an ancient science involving the transmutation of materials such as turning base metals into gold or silver.
- Chemical elements are organized onto the periodic table based on their atomic number. The first element is on the periodic table is Hydrogen.
- Archeologist: Study humans and communities that existed in the past by discovering and analyzing artifacts they left behind.
- When exploring a site, archeologists dig individual square holes in a grid system.
- Written language is about 5,000 years old, so artifacts help understand history, diet, and behavior before that time.
- One problem archeologists face is when sites are “”
- Astronomer: Study objects in space including galaxies, solar systems, stars, planets, and moons.
- Astronomy is considered one of the oldest branches of science.
- The famous astronomer, Galileo, invented the telescope.
- Astronomers spend little time with telescopes. Instead, they tend to analyze data and pictures.
- Geologist: Study Earth’s properties and history.
- The Earth is 4.54 billion years old.
- Geology” comes from the Greek words “ge” and “logos” which translate as rocks and knowledge.
- Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are important mapping tools used by geologists.
- Meteorologist: Study the atmosphere, predict weather forecasts, and research weather patterns and climate change.
- Early civilizations, like the Babylonians, would use the appearance of clouds to predict weather changes.
- Galileo invented an earlier version of the thermometer in 1592.
- 1 billion tons of rainwater falls on Earth each minute.
- Physicist: Study or research matter, energy, and forces.
- Physics is considered an “experimental” science.
- Physicists will work with things as small as atomic particles (not even humans can see it!) to something as big as the entire universe.
- The weight of Earth’s atmosphere is somewhere around 5.5 quadrillion tons!
- Computer Scientist: Study and apply information theory and computation to computers.
- Potential jobs for computer scientists include animating, creating websites or apps, designing games, programming, researching algorithms or theory, and software engineering.
- A computer is a machine that takes in, processes, and outputs data.
- The first computer originated from 500 BCE. It was called an abacus, which is made from string and beads. It was typically used to track money.
- Engineer: Apply both scientific and mathematic information to the world by finding solutions to a variety of problems.
- The top four disciplines of engineering include chemical, civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering.
- Engineer is a word that derives from the Latin words for “devise” and “cleverness.”
- Engineers held 1.6 million jobs in the United States in 2015. Electrical engineering employed 313,970 people, more so than any other engineering discipline.
- Biologist: Study life, research processes, and understand how organisms interact with their environment.
- Biology branches off into a variety of fields including botany (study of plants), genetics (study of DNA), marine biology (study of ocean plants and animals), microbiology (study of microorganisms), and zoology (study of animals).
- Not all biologists work in laboratories. Some do their research in the field, such as the ocean.
- Some research is used to make products such as drugs and biofuels.
- Psychologist: Study the mind.
- Psychologists’ work involves observing, testing, treating, and counseling patients.
- Some believe psychology is more like “common sense” rather than a branch of science.
- Placebos can provide patients with the same effects as regular treatments.
- Science jobs and careers
- Additional vocabulary
- Abacus: (noun) a calculating tool built with multiple wires or grooves along which beads slide across
- Artifact: (noun) an object made by a human being
- Energy: (noun) ability to do work
- Experiment: (noun) a scientific procedure that tests a hypothesis; (verb) perform scientific procedure to determine something or to try out new concepts
- Loot: (verb) steal goods
- Matter: (noun) substance that occupies space
- Placebo: (noun) substance, usually a pill, used in a controlled experiment that serves as fake treatment
- Science: (noun) knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts learned through experiments and observations
- Theory: (noun) collection of ideas or a set of principles used to explain something
- Problem solving
- Vocabulary development